Interpreting Biblical Apocalyptic (6): Hermeneutical Keys

There are a number of hermeneutical keys that are suggested by a comparison of Daniel 2 and Daniel 7.

1) God speaks to each of His human emissaries in the context of their own time, place, and circumstances. He speaks in language they can understand and appreciate, even when He speaks in apocalyptic terms. He uses the language of the prophet’s past to paint a picture of the prophet’s future. God meets people where they are. This has hermeneutical implications. It means that in our study of apocalyptic literature, it is imperative that we seek to understand it in terms of the original time, place, language, and circumstances, as well as the content of the whole of Scripture. We should not expect to find God’s meaning for the text in some context outside that of the original revelation. God’s meaning for today will not contradict the message that He placed in the vision in the first place.

2) The purpose of apocalyptic visions is not simply to satisfy human curiosity about the future (although that may have played a role in the first instance, according to Dan 2:29). It is a message about the character and the workings of God. God is not only communicating something about the future course of history, He is revealing Himself as the One who is in control of that history. To study apocalyptic only as a key to unlock the future is to miss its message about a God who seeks to be known by His people. From a Christian perspective, apocalyptic is never rightly understood unless its central focus is on the “son of man,” Jesus Christ.

3) Apocalyptic is people-oriented. In conforming to the principle of “God meets people where they are,” it is evident that the purpose of apocalyptic is to comfort and instruct the people of God on earth. God offers a powerful message of both hope and warning to the original recipients of each message, and that message of hope and warning has a repeated application to every reader of these visions throughout history. Whether or not the forecast of history has always been rightly understood, God’s appeal to the human recipients of His revelation is ever fresh.

4) While in Daniel 2 and 7 the issue of God’s control over history is front row and center, it is important to see how that control is exercised in the larger sweep of the Bible. As a God of love, God initiates, encourages and respects the freedom of His creatures. The cross demonstrates that God does not exercise control through overwhelming power and dominance, but through demonstration of His character and persuasion. In Daniel 7 human exercise of power is portrayed in terms of vicious, carnivorous beasts that trample and destroy. In contrast, God rules by kindness (Rom 2:4) and self-sacrifice (Rev 5:6). God prefers to exercise His authority with gentleness and patience rather than intimidation and force.

4 thoughts on “Interpreting Biblical Apocalyptic (6): Hermeneutical Keys

  1. Rodrigo Scalassara

    Thank you very much Pastor Jon for this excellent explanation! May God bless you richly for continue help us!

    Reply
  2. Apocalypse here and now! Are you ready?

    The VOICE of GOD speaks to all generations throughout the ages of the ages. His VOICE is written in the scrolls of eternity. GOD’S intent was first written in scroll form in the Torah and the Tanakh which became The Holy Bible. What was chronicled in Holy Scripture was what GOD spoke to His servants, who obeyed Him with all their hearts. He commanded that they record what He spoke to them so future generations could know His VOICE.

    Reply
  3. Apocalypse here and now! Are you ready?

    GOD, who is LOVE and TRUTH comes to people over and over in their circumstances, to express His Love to them in personal ways. But so many refuse His gestures of Love again and again. LOVE’S purpose is to draw to Himself anyone who will stop and take notice that He is speaking to them.

    Reply

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